Ginger has antioxidant activity through inhibiting free radicals and. Ginger zingiber officinale plant profiler sigmaaldrich. Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of ginger root. Nutritional composition of ginger per 100g dw constituents value constituents value moisture 15. Ginger, a source of valuable phytonutrients, is characterized as having an aromatic odor and a pungent taste1. Some species particularly cymbopogon citratus are commonly cultivated as culinary and medicinal herbs because of their scent, resembling that of lemons citrus limon. Physical and chemical constituents of zingiber assignment point. Chemical constituents and biological activities of ginger rhizomes. Five constituents including one new pentacyclic triterpenoid guajanoic acid 1 and four known compounds. Chemical composition of ginger varieties and dehydration. Essential oil composition of diploid and tetraploid clones of. Ginger is abundant in active constituents, such as phenolic and terpene.
These gingerols 2325% and shogaol 1825% are found in higher quantity than others. Active ingredients of ginger as potential candidates in the prevention. Bioactive compounds and bioactivities of ginger zingiber. The structures were elucidated on basis of physicochemical properties and spectral data. As with all spices, fresh ginger root contains a large range of chemical compounds. The major constituents in ginger rhizomes are carbohydrates 5070%, lipids 38%, terpenes, and phenolic compounds. This is due in part to the fact that ginger acts as an antioxidant with more than twelve constituents superior to vitamin e.
The major chemical components of ginger essential oil are camphene, apinene, bpinene, zingiberene, geraniol, borneol, neral, geranyl acetate, 1,8cineole, citral, bbisabolene, linalool, nerol, geranial and yterpineol. There are definitions and properties included for 984 of these constituents in the full book. Abstract ginger is a plant recently gaining attention in the food and pharmaceutical industries because of its spice and medicinal importance. Medicinal properties of ginger zingiber officinale rosc. The protein quality was based on amino acid composition and true protein digestibility, biological value, net protein utilization, and utilizable protein obtained in nbalance experiments with rats. The analysis of the results of proximate composition showed that the moisture content of ginger reduced after oven drying while. Ginger is a spice that can be commonly found in supermarkets and in the kitchen, either as the fresh root, or in dried, powdered form. Cymbopogon, also known as lemongrass, barbed wire grass, silky heads, cochin grass, malabar grass, oily heads or fever grass, is a genus of asian, african, australian, and tropical island plants in the grass family. Pdf a comparative study on chemical composition and. Antioxidant assays such as free radical scavenging activity. Results obtained from the analysis of twenty six varieties of ginger showed that volatile oil, acetone extract, crude fibre and starch content varied from 1 to 2.
Composition of ginger zingiber officinale roscoe volatile. Chemical constituents of ginger such assesquiterpenes, diarylheptenones, gingereno nes a, b and c, and isogingerenon e b, have shown antifungal activity invitro. Apr 12, 2020 chemical composition of zingiber officinale filetype pdf so, this study was designed to evaluate the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger zingiber officinale and cumin cuminum cyminum. The pungency of the ginger is due to gingerols and shogoals. Zingiberol, zingiberene, phellandrene and linalool are important constituents of the oil. The effects of the supercritical extraction conditions on the chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the extracts obtained were evaluated and compared with essential oil of ginger obtained from hydrodistillation. Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of ginger. Volatile oils about 3% consist mainly of the sesquiterpenes, betabisabolene 4. The antioxidant components analysed were polyphenols, vitamin c. It was originated in egypt and widely distributed throughout the world. The oil is extracted by means of steam distillation from the unpeeled or dried, groundup root rhizome of the plant, and can yield about 2 4 % oil.
Some phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological properties of ginger zingiber o. Jul 12, 2014 chemical structure of active constituents numerous active ingredients are present in ginger including terpenes and oleoresin which called ginger oil. This paper reports the assessment of chemical profile and antibacterial activity of ginger zingiber officinale roscoe roots extracts using supercritical co 2 as solvent the effects of the supercritical extraction conditions on the chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the extracts obtained were evaluated and compared with essential oil of ginger obtained from hydrodistillation. As several metabolic diseases and agerelated degenerative disorders are closely associated with oxidative processes in the body, the use of either ginger or one or more of its constituents as a source of antioxidants to combat oxidation warrants further attention.
Ash contents of zingiber officinale and alpinia allughas rhizomes in our study were much lower than those 3. Chemical composition of zingiber officinale filetype pdf so, this study was designed to evaluate the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger zingiber officinale and cumin cuminum cyminum. The chemical composition and antioxidant activity in aqueous and solvent extracts of ginger root. The main quality feature of garlic products is the distinct flavor of cloves, as the result of complex biochemical reactions randle and lancaster, 2002. Of these, zingiberene is the most dominant, making up 30% of the roots essential oil, whilst other contributors to the characteristic flavour of ginger include. Active ingredients of ginger as potential candidates in the. Abstract the hydrodistilled essential oil of ginger zingiber officinale roscoe rhizomes of commerce from three different geograhical locations in india, viz. Essential oil composition of diploid and tetraploid clones. Ginger and many of its chemical constituents have strong antioxidant actions. Identification of the chemical constituents in ginger zingiber officinale responsible for.
Chemical constituents from the leaves of psidium guajava. Full text recent perspectives on the medicinal potential of ginger. Medicinal plants with each constituent are listed, often with the exact amounts of these constituents. Investigations have shown gingerol and shogoals to be mutagenic. Result and discussion proximate composition of the powdered ginger root sample is shown in table i. The oil is sparingly soluble in 95 percent alcohol, but is generally soluble in 90 percent alcohol. Pdf chemical composition and antioxidant properties of ginger.
Chemical composition, phytochemical and antioxidant. A comparative study on chemical composition and antioxidant activity of ginger zingiber officinale and cumin cuminum cyminum. Exact mechanism of action of ginger in nausea and vomiting is not clear but it is thought that such type of effect due to constituents present in ginger including gingerols, shogaols, and galanolactone and diterpenoid of ginger 79,80. Nov 27, 2014 as with all spices, fresh ginger root contains a large range of chemical compounds. The aim of this research, therefore, was to analyze the chemical constituents, test antibacterial activities, and observe the mode of action of elephant and emprit ginger rhizome essential oils. Chemical constituents of rhizomes of zingiber officinale. The chemical composition and antioxidant activity in aqueous and solvent extracts of ginger root zingiber officinale were determined. The components in ginger that are responsible for the antiemetic effect are thought to be the gingerols, shogaols, and galanolactone, a diterpenoid of ginger.
Antioxidant activity of ginger extract and identification. In addition, the extract and essential oils possess antibacterial pharmacological activities, due to the inherent constituents. The characteristic of pleasent and aromatic odour of ginger is due to an essential oil. Ginger zingiber officinale is a flowering plant whose rhizome, ginger root or ginger, is widely used as a spice and a folk medicine. It is a herbaceous perennial which grows annual pseudostems false stems made of the rolled bases of leaves about one meter tall bearing narrow leaf blades. One reason is the free radical protection afforded by one of active phenolic constituents, 6gingerol ippoushi. This paper reports the assessment of chemical profile and antibacterial activity of ginger zingiber officinale roscoe roots extracts using supercritical co 2 as solvent. Review some phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological properties of ginger zingiber o. Some phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological. Mar 12, 20 the gc and gcms analysis of mizoram, chennai and sikkim majhauley and bhainsey varieties ginger rhizome oils resulted in the identification and quantitation of 29, 29, 28 and 28 constituents representing 84. The chemical composition and protein quality of two varieties of buckwheat were measured and compared with the values of wheat. Zingiber officinale has been analyzed for the main phytochemical composition, nutrient and mineral composition. To investigate the chemical constituents from the rhizomes of zingiber officinale. The health benefits of ginger are mainly attributed to its phenolic compounds, such as gingerols and shogaols.
The mineral elemental composition of ginger root samples as shown in table ii indicated that ginger is rich in essential minerals like. Ginger also constitutes volatile oils approximately 1% to 3% and nonvolatile pungent components oleoresin 7. Antioxidant assays such as free radical scavenging activity, reducing. Pdf chemical composition and antioxidant properties of. The name ginger is said to be derived from the gingi district in india, where tea made from ginger is used for stomach upsets. Accepted october, 2010 the chemical composition and antioxidant activity in aqueous and solvent extracts of.
Ginger and its constituents show a significant effect on nausea and vomiting. Effect of different concentrations of ethanol extract of ginger zingiber officinale on, alkaline phosphatase akp and acid, phosphatase acp in serum, brain, heart, kidney stomach and small and. The aim of this research, therefore, was to analyze the chemical constituents, test antibacterial activities, and observe the mode of action of elephant and emprit ginger. Isolation and purification of the chemical constituents were carried out on the column chromatography of silica gel and sephadex lh20. Chemical and antioxidant parameters of dried forms of. It is rich in various chemical constituents, including phenolic compounds, terpenes, polysaccharides, lipids, organic acids, and raw fibers. Data on maturity studies showed that the volatile oil, acetone extract and crude fibre content in ginger varieties increased steadily from september to december.
Chemical composition and bioactive compounds of garlic. The part of the ginger plant that is used is the root, which is botanically the rhizome. It adds a strong, pungent flavour to dishes as a consequence of a number of chemical compounds it contains. Chemical composition of ginger zingiber officinale rose. Chemical composition and protein quality of buckwheat. Chemical structure of active constituents numerous active ingredients are present in ginger including terpenes and oleoresin which called ginger oil.
Chemical composition of ginger zingiber officinale rose and. Tanira a, abderrahim nemmar c a department of pharmacology and clinical pharmacy, college of medicine and health sciences, sultan qaboos university. Jan 31, 2006 ginger oil, obtained by steam distillation of the rhizome of zingiber officinale roscoe, is used in the beverage and fragrance industries. Chemical constituents and therapeutic properties of ginger essential oil.
The present study demonstrates that ginger showed broad spectrum action in which antiinflammatory action is one of them. Another factor is that 3% of ginger s chemicals are made up from oil that is composed of 200 chemical substances such as. Apiaceae commonly known as ajwain is an important medicinal, aromatic and spice plant. This volume lists hundreds of the 3157 constituents of medicinal plants in the full bookthe ones starting with a or b. Chemical composition and mineral contents of zingiber. The chemical constituents of ginger such as gingerol and shagoal have been found to suppress gastric contraction suekawa et al. Active compounds in gingers and their therapeutic use in. Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of ginger root zingiber officinale shirin adel p. When administered to rats 3mgkg, intravenously, ginger constituents are rapidly eliminated from the blood t 12 7. Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of ginger root zingiber officinale the chemical composition and antioxidant activity in aqueous and solvent extracts of ginger root zingiber officinale were determined. Chemical composition of ginger zingiber officinale rose and the evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of its oil 2007 sulieman, a. Ginger s chemical composition the mixture of zingerone, shogaols and gingerols is behind the special smell and flavor that distinguish ginger. Antioxidant activity of ginger extract and identification of its active components silvia mosovska a, dominika novakova, michal kalinakb adepartment of nutrition and food assessment, faculty of chemical and food technology, radlinskeho 9, 812 37 bratislava, slovakia. A study on chemical composition of ginger in india described 15.
May 30, 2019 ginger zingiber officinale roscoe is a common and widely used spice. Identification of the chemical constituents in ginger zingiber. Fresh ginger slices were successfully dried from initial moisture content of 70% to 18 %. These gingerols 2325% and shogaol 1825% are found in higher quantity than. Experimental studies showed that ginger and its active components including. Physical properties of ginger zingiber officinale by e. Gingers chemical composition ginger history benefits. The phytochemical screening of chemical constituents of the plant showed that ginger. In addition, raw fibres, vitamins and minerals are also present in ginger. Ginger and turmeric plants have several similar characteristics both possess pale green flowers and are surrounded by long lanceolate leaves. Active ingredients of ginger as potential candidates in.
Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the crude extracts isolated from zingiber officinale by different solvents hiba ali hasan1, ayad mohammed rasheed raauf 2, basama monjd abd razik and bassam abdul rasool hassan3 1department of clinical laboratory science, college of pharmacy, almustansiriya university, baghdad, iraq. This distinct antiatherogenic potential of ginger may be due to its freeradicalscavenging. The chemical composition of the ginger oils obtained by hydrodistillation of fresh and dried rhizomes of nigerian origin were investigated by means of a combination of column chromatography, high resolution gas chromatography gc and gc. Ginger oil displays considerable compositional diversity, but is typically characterized by a high content of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, including zingiberene, arcurcumene. Ginger and its constituents show antioxidant activity and prevent the damage of macromolecules, caused by the free radicalsoxidative stress. Antioxidant activity of ginger extract and identification of. Chemical composition, phytochemical and antioxidant activity from extract of etlingera elatior flower from indonesia askal maimulyanti, anton restu prihadi abstract the flower of etlingera elatior torch ginger is widely used in traditional medicine and as a flavour in food was extracted. Supercritical co2 extracts and essential oil of ginger. Ginger oil, obtained by steam distillation of the rhizome of zingiber officinale roscoe, is used in the beverage and fragrance industries. Chemical constituents, antibacterial activity and mode of. Mizoram, chennai and two varieties from sikkim were analyzed by gc and gcms. Effect of oven drying on proximate composition of ginger.348 1327 401 1190 1367 1525 174 1171 1498 783 1472 1095 135 927 1285 994 696 1458 592 56 1603 1582 974 578 328 441 1349 569 35 1110 1333 1061 1194 784 1177 386 955 1383 1358 730 1015 390 466 724 331 175 328 1332 1268