Issues related to the experimental procedure, namely fixing the sample and controlling the temperature, as well as correction for true sample dimensions in calculation of extensional viscosity of polymer melts. At time t 0, the upper plate is set in motion and the resulting midpoint radius of the filament rtmid and tensile force ftz exerted by the elongating column are measured. Microdevices for extensional rheometry of low viscosity. However while the dual cylinder devices are capable of producing transient values of extensional viscosity in startup of steady extensional flow they are not capable of measuring steady viscosities.
Rheology mayjune 2005 issue march 1, 2005 measuring the transient extensional rheology of polyethylene melts using the ser universal testing platform martin sentmanat senkhar technologies, llc akron, oh benjamin n. May 23, 2018 this calls for a navigation tool that gives users the complete overview as well as the exact insights they require. The portable rheometer allows, for the first time, natural complex fluids such as pitcher plant trapping fluid to be studied in an ecological context. This calls for a navigation tool that provides the complete overview as well as the exact insights they require. The stress is determined from the torque exerted by two rotating drums. Sentmanat extensional rheometer thermo fisher scientific. The use of novel digital image analysis technique and. The systems allow extensional measurements on filled and unfilled polymers, melts, adhesives, and food systems over a large.
Viscoelasticity and extensional rheology of model cayley. The stress is determined from the torque exerted by the drums. The seymour concept for a portable extensional rheometer has been demonstrated. The haake caber 1 capillary breakup extensional rheometer is the only commercially available extensional rheometer to quantify elongational properties of fluids or semisolids. Sentmanat and is commer cialized by xpansion instruments. Haake rheoscope ht module features ser sentmanat extension rheometer system that extends any conventional steady rotational rheometer into extensional rheometer, supports solid tensile testing, pear and peel testing, as well as friction testing, and covers operating temperature range from 0250 c. Measurement technique and data analysis of extensional. Hardware and software upgrades for existing haake mars users to easily incorporate future technological innovations compatible with the thermo scientific haake viscotester iq rheometer for transfering test methods from research and development to quality control. Measuring the transient extensional rheology of polyethylene melts. About us xpansion instruments extensional rheology and. Extensional rheological measurements were performed on a ser universal testing platform sxpansion instruments llcd speci. A sentmanat extensional rheometer ser will be used to determine different parameters such as axial force, extensional viscosity, etc.
Rheological characterization of polymer melts in shear and. Rheometers from anton paar open up a constantly growing number of measurement opportunities. Sentmanat extensional rheometer for stretching polymer films. These kinds of devices are readily mounted on most commercial rotational rheometers.
Rheology in polymer analytics thermo fisher scientific us. Transient extensional viscosity of lowdensity polyethylene was measured by sentmanat extensional rheometer in combination with mcr301 rheometer anton paar at different temperatures. Thermo scientific haake mars rheometers modular rheometer platform. Extensional rheometer synonyms, extensional rheometer. To replace the ductility test american association of state highway. Development and validation of a novel rheological test device. Moreover, we revisited the applicability of the molecular stress function msf model4,5 for estimating the extensional viscosity on the basis of experimental data. Expandable for the future haake mars rheometer platform. A film of polymer is wound on two rotating drums, which apply constant or variable strain rate extensional deformation on the polymer film. The sentmanat extensional rheometer ser fixture enables you to perform extensional testing of polymer films with a rotational rheometer.
Pdf measurement technique and data analysis of extensional. Combined with the convection temperature devices, this setup enables extensional tests, e. Although originally developed as an extensional rheometer, this highly versatile miniature test platform is. The behavior of different modifiers and polymer degradation due to aging will be investigated. Furthermore, a test method and a sample preparation. Horizontal extensional rheometry her for low viscosity. Extensional rheology system supports melts and semisolids. A standard test method will be developed based on the findings and specifications will be developed. It is recognized by the rheological community as the industry standard to which all other rheometer measurements are compared for accuracy. Hardware and software upgrades for existing haake mars users. Journal of applied polymer science 117, 2010, 10761084. Sentmanat extensional rheometer, based on dynamic shear rheometer, is used to investigate the extensional deformation characteristics in which sbs modified binders exhibit both first peak elongation force, f 1, and second peak elongation force, f 2, whereas, unmodified binders and. Development of a standard test method for characterization.
The concept of utilising the breakup of a thin filament of fluid to determine the elongational viscosity and relaxation times in the caber rheometer was first conceived by bazilevskii et al. Uniaxial extensional flow measurement is particularly useful in polymer characterization because it is the strongest flow. Sentmanat extensional rheometer ser for the thermo scientific haake mars the ser3 fixture is available for the thermo scientific tm haaketm marstm rheometers in combination with the controlled test chamber ctc. Universal extensional fixture and sentmanat extension rheometer. The ser sentmanat extension rheometer system extends a conventional steady rotational. Ser sentmanat extensional rheometer uxf universal extensional fixture. Although originally developed as an extensional rheometer, this highly. Get ahead of the competition with new, modular advanced rheometer systems for faster, comprehensive material characterization. The data obtained from the rheometer is in the form of shear stress as a function of shear rate, and thus eliminating the need of knowing the value of c separately.
Since then, other suppliers have come up with different ways to accomplish the same end, in some cases by means of software correlations or special hardware accessories. A relationship between different percentages of modifier and ductility of. Sentmanat and is commercialized by xpansion instruments oh, usa and likewise the evf can be used as a detachable. Keywordssersentmanat extensional rheometeruniaxial. A low cost extensional viscometer for small relaxation times. Measurement technique and data analysis of extensional viscosity for polymer melts by sentmanat extensional rheometer ser. Haaketm rheowintm measuring and evaluation software. Direct comparison between rotational and extrusion rheometers. Figure 1 schematic diagram of a filament stretching extensional rheometer fiser. Sentmanat extensional rheometer, based on dynamic shear rheometer, is used to investigate the extensional deformation characteristics in which sbs modified binders exhibit both first peak elongation force, f 1, and second peak elongation force, f 2, whereas, unmodified binders and ppa modified binders exhibit no f 2. In the bohlin vor rheometer used in this work, the system software is calibrated by the manufacturer to calculate, c, when the cone and plate assembly is used. He is the inventor of the sentmanat extensional rheometer ser and has pioneered several experimental methods in the area of extensional rheology and miniaturescale physical material characterization. The device was successfully employed in a field study investigating pitcher plant fluids in borneo in 2014. Universal extensional fixture uxf sentmanat extensional rheometer ser electrical heating c to 400 c convection heating 150 c to c peltier heating and cooling 40 c to 200 c application software package for ms windows 2000, xp, vista, 7, 8.
Haake rheometer p019e ser extensional rheology system for haake mars the ser system is a new accessory for the haake mars with ctc oven which transforms a rotational shear rheometer in an extensional rheometer for melts and semisolids. Analysis of extensional viscosity for polymer melts by sentmanat extensional rheometer ser. Dos extensional rheometer 6 claiming resolution down to 0. Pressure dependence of viscosity of polymers and its importance to. Pdf described is a detachable fixture for a rotational rheometer, the sentmanat extensional rheometer universal testing platform, which incorporates.
It transforms the rotational shear rheometer in an extensional rheometer for melts and semisolids. Haake caber 1 capillary breakup extensional rheometer. Many translated example sentences containing extensional rheometer germanenglish dictionary and search engine for german translations. Xpansion instruments is an innovative scientific instrument manufacturer and world leader in extensional melt rheometer technology, and miniaturescale physical material characterization specializing in rheometer and material testing and processing equipment design, extensional rheology, miniature and broadrange physical material characterzation such as tensile, fracture, tear, adhesion, friction, and peel testing of plastic, rubber, and polymer composite materials. Martin sentmanat turns your mcr rheometer into a universal testing platform for extensional rheology. Measurement technique and data analysis of extensional viscosity. Extensional rheometry of polymeric fluids and the uniaxial. The measuring principle of the ser system, which was developed by dr. The ser sentmanat extension rheometer system extends a conventional steady rotational rheometer into a robust extensional rheometer for melts and semisolids. Rheoplus rheometer software is a userfriendly, flexible and powerful software for all anton paar rheometers, from quality control instruments to hight. The testing principle is based on stretching the sample. However, for slender polymer melts, the measurements of the extensional behavior were strongly limited by the gravitational sagging effect in the sentmanat extensional rheometry ser. Microdevices for extensional rheometry of low viscosity elastic liquids. Universal extensional fixture and sentmanat extension.
Modifying the calculation by taking into account the changes in sample geometry due to thermal expansion and. Publication iv examined the experimental and analytical practice and errors in uniaxial extension experiments by sentmanat extensional rheometer ser. The ser system, exclusively built by xpansion instruments, was developed by dr. Evaluation of degradation of sbs modified asphalt binder. Evf extensional viscosity fixture can be housed within the host systems environmental chamber for controlled temperature experiments. A portable extensional rheometer for measuring the.
Mckinley, measuring the transient extensional rheology of polyethylene melts using the ser universal testing platform, journal of rheology. Universal extensional fixture and sentmanat extension rheometer are used to perform extensional rheology on melts, films, and fibers. Xpansion instruments is the exclusive manufaturer of the ser sentmanat extensional rheometer universal testing platform, the new paradigm in extensional melt rheology and physical material characterization technology. Development of a novel and dynamic shear rheometer based. Elongation tests and fracture tests will be carried out using the extensional rheometer varying sample geometry, temperature, and strain rate. Cof on a rheometer ta users meeting 2012 22 cambridge polymer group 1 kavehpour and mckinley triborheometry. Theory and calculation uniaxial extension sentmanat extension rheometer universal testing platform has two drums.
Synonyms for extensional rheometer in free thesaurus. The haake caber 1 capillary breakup extensional rheometer features. Measuring the transient extensional rheology of polyethylene melts using the ser universal testing platform martin sentmanat senkhar technologies, llc, akron, ohio benjamin n. Wang institute for soldier nanotechnology and department of chemical engineering, massachusetts institute of technology, cambridge, massachusetts 029 gareth h. In this work, a new extensional rheometry was designed to combine the merits of the ser and the rheometric melt elongation rheometer. Measurement technique and data analysis of extensional viscosity for polymer melts by sentmanat extensional rheometer ser johanna aho victor h. These rheometers use a piezoelectric crystal that can easily launch a successive wave of extensions and contractions into the fluid, applying an oscillating extensional. Brookfield applications software is available to automate data collection and, in some cases, automate control of our line o brookfield digital viscometers and rheometers. An extensional deformation test method using a sentmanat extensional rheometer ser f ixture inside a dynamic shear rheometer dsr is developed in this studyto investigate the degradation of the polymer due to aging and to investigate the effect of modifier type. Visualization of elongation m ea sur m nt using an sser. May 01, 2004 says tim haake, general manager at goettfert, extensional or elongational viscosity is important for film, fiber, and foam processing as well as blow molding and is not obtainable with a typical rheometer. The mechanical properties of the nanofiber mats were measured by the sentmanat extensional rheometer, and the pore size distribution was calculated by a newly proposed digital image analysis methodology applied on nanoscale sem images taking macroscopic features. Xpansion instruments is an innovative scientific instrument manufacturer and world leader in extensional melt rheometer technology, and miniaturescale physical material characterization specializing in rheometer and material testing and processing equipment design, extensional rheology, miniature and broadrange physical material characterzation such as tensile, fracture, tear, adhesion.
Easily quantify extensional properties of semisolids and fluids with the thermo scientific haake caber 1 capillary breakup extensional rheometer. Overview extensional flows are important to converging and squeezing flows that occur in polymer processing operations such as injection molding, extrusion, blow molding, film blowing and calendering. Martin sentmanat, turn the mcr rheometers into platforms for extensional rheology investigations. Sentmanat extensional rheometer for stretching polymer films, fiser which elongates a filament at exponential rates, caber and vader. The sentmanat rheometer is a fixture that can be installed on a shear rheometer. Modifying the calculation by taking into account the changes in sample geometry due to thermal expansion and prestretching, more exact results were achieved.
P019e accessory for zubehor fur haake mars haake rheometer. Issues related to the experimental procedure, namely fixing the sample and controlling the temperature, as well as correction for true sample dimensions in calculation of extensional viscosity of polymer. Ser sentmanat extensional rheometer tool for extensional properties universal adaptersfor individual rotors, e. Xpansion also provides technical service and support, custom material testing and processing equipment design services, test. Constant force extensional rheometry of polymer solutions.
Characterizing longchain branding in polyethylene with. Sentmanat extensional rheometer ser the extensional rheometer system developed by dr. Various possibilities in using the sentmanat extensional rheometer fixture. He has served as a scientific consultant to numerous academic, legal, and industrial clients worldwide and has authored dozens of publications. To characterize the extensional behavior of polymer melts and viscoelastic solids the ser sentmanat extensional rheometer. Extensional rheometers burrell scientific rheometer a120 severs extrusion rheometer severs extrusion rheometer offers a viscosity range from 1 to 1 million centipoises and has a pressure range from zero to 100psi. Wang, institute for soldier nanotechnology and department of chemical engineering. Extensional viscosity of a lowdensity polyethylene was measured at three temperatures in uniaxial extension by sentmanat extension rheometer, and in contraction flow using the cogswell analysis. Extensional flow occurs during many technical processes such as spraying, filling, or, more related to polymer melts, film blowing, foam extrusion or fiber spinning. The universal extensional fixture uxf and the sentmanat extension rheometer ser, developed by dr.
Extensional viscosity in uniaxial extension and contraction. A rheometer is much like a viscometer, which provides the single quantity of viscosity to define a liquid. Anton paars rheocompass software, the most innovative stateoftheart rheometer software on the market. Rheometers measure the characteristics of viscuous fluids. Measurement technique and data analysis of extensional viscosity for polymer melts by sentmanat extensional rheometer ser article pdf available in rheologica acta 494. The sentmanat extensional rheometer ser is actually a fixture that can be field installed on shear rheometers. Sentmanat extensional rheometer ser for the thermo. Aug 12, 2004 described is a detachable fixture for a rotational rheometer, the sentmanat extensional rheometer universal testing platform, which incorporates dual windup drums to ensure a truly uniform extensional deformation during uniaxial extension experiments on polymers melts and elastomers. Mathematica software to obtain the capillary breakup data. However, a rheometer also provides a set of parameters to describe fluids with more complex behaviour than a simple viscosity.1432 4 629 128 1191 1372 1586 1340 1071 606 265 81 287 317 1269 445 34 74 1066 1319 660 269 452 651 470 255 569 632 1353 813 766 911 630