Case study 1 proven value in developing solutions that provide extended support for decision making in managing multibilliondollar positions and related risks. However, it is important to note that a positive relationship between exposure and disease does not imply causality. A casecontrol study on the risk factors for meningococcal. Protocol for case control studies to measure influenza vaccine effectiveness. This case study illustrates how its transportation division went from one of its most challenging. Topics covered include matching, control case ratio, choice of nested case control or case cohort design, twostage sampling, and other methods that can be used for control selection. Case studies of portfolio management gaffney cline blog. Additionally, investigators can avoid the logistical challenges of following a large sample over time. Case studies best practices in portfolio management qgep building a portfolio from scratch anadarko portfolio reshuffling and deleveraging postacquisition midstream outsourcing parts of the value chain to suppliers.
Browse case study, examples and pdf content selected by the elearning learning community. The ibm case study example pdf template free download is a very well created sample case study template which will be perfect if you are using it to draft a case study on patient care. However, many people in the region eat dates frequently. The study involved comparing a group of former lifeguards that had developed cancer on their cheeks and noses cases to a group of lifeguards without this type of cancer controls and assess their prior exposure to. The case study aims at assessing the following competencies. Showcase of case studies in design portfolios smashing magazine. Advantages and disadvantages of a case control study, types of case control studies. In 2 we describe three worstcase portfolio analysis problems that can be. Example of criteriabased elaboration of options for portfolio management. The landmark study of doll and hill 1950, 1952, in particular, inspired future generations of epidemiologists to use this methodology. Working with component files in a pdf portfolio, adobe acrobat.
A cohort study design works well in these circumstances. A casecontrol study of breast cancer risk factors in. The population at risk cannot be estimated from a case control study. That understanding then supports planning and execution appropriate to where each change program sits within the overall lifecycle, and which elements of the journey management toolbox of diagnostics and other assets are more relevant.
The purpose of a case study is to provide students with experience of the strategic management problems that actual organizations face. May 11, 2015 take for example the basic agency case study which incorporates sectioned areas for content. In the case control study, the search for causal relationships goes in the direction of the investigation to the foreseeable cause. The project is broken down into phases with photos and descriptions of each one. The importance of case studies in a design portfolio. A total of 3,683 cases and 3,980 controls were included in this study. In pdf portfolios for case analysis, part 1, i covered how to download and use a special portfolio template for case analysis.
You report back to your supervisor and you both agree quenchit and endurobrick are likely causes. Pdf business case control in project portfolios an empirical. A significant learning point of the case study is the identification of digitalcity as a regional innovation connector. Methods a case control study was performed in 3 children 44 cases and 89 controls aged between 014 years, who were hospitalized in a childrens hospital in athens.
Also read business articles, management tips and jargon. Project portfolio management a case study at transportation. This book presents ten company case studies, taken from various fields of business. This is the simplest nofuss setup that gives you flexibility and control. The observational epidemiologic study of persons with the disease or other outcome variable of interest and a suitable control comparison reference group of persons without the. Case study portfolio political studies association. Sep 17, 2019 a case study is a special type of thought leadership content that tells a story. When using these case studies it is important to remember that the content or topic being. We identify three elements of a business case control at the portfolio levelthe initial.
The salmonella outbreak above occurred in a small, welldefined cohort, and the overall attack rate was 58%. Risk factors for sars infection among hospital healthcare workers in beijing. Portfolio analysis resilient portfolio strategy download pdf. This study empirically addresses these questions using an analysis of a cross industry sample of 183 firms. This report can be downloaded as a pdffile from the deval. The identification of the appropriate study base from which to select controls is the primary challenge in the design of case control studies. There are multiple ways of making the process of completing the assignment easier, including ordering a task at a writing service or asking other students for help. Kris are metrics used to provide an early signal of increasing risk exposure in various areas of the organization. Pdf critical appraisal of casecontrol studies of risk. Analysis of the trading book hypothetical portfolio exercise. Advantages of casecontrol studies casecontrol studies are the most efficient design for rare diseases and require a much smaller study sample than cohort studies. A case control study is designed to help determine if an exposure is associated with an outcome. Casecontrol studies begin at the end outcome is the basis to select the comparison groups they test hypotheses concerning the association and magnitudes of a relationship between outcomes and exposures the strength of association is measured by an odds ratio or which is a good proxy for a relative risk when disease is rare. Risk factors for sars infection among hospital healthcare.
At the center of the case control study is a collection of cases. In addition to the general competencies, it assesses your ability to apply specific knowledge to a particular situation in your domain. Case control studies are therefore placed low in the hierarchy of evidence. A casecontrol study is usually conducted before a cohort or an experimental study to identify the possible etiology of the disease. Thus, casecontrol studies also allow more intensive. The results are based on a crossindustry sample of 183. This work is licensed under a creative commons attribution. Both exposure and outcome have occurred before the start of the study. If the outcome is rare, the or in a case control study is an estimate of the rr if one was to do a cohort study characteristic of odds ratio if. It costs relatively less and can be conducted in a shorter time for a given disease, a casecontrol study can investigate multiple exposures when the real exposure is not known a casecontrol study is.
Note that it is not possible to estimate the incidence of disease from a case control study unless the study is population based and all cases in a defined population are obtained. A case study may consist of one scenario or several, and it may take many forms, from a traditional paperbased document to films, videos or audio recordings. The list of component files in the pdf portfolio is displayed below the secondary toolbar. For example, at the beginning of the journey the focus may be on the more. Case related to by middle east respiratory syndrome mers. Pm solutions has a proven experience in providing solutions to a broad range of markets. Sample size for unmatched casecontrol studies, version 3.
A case study is a story about something unique, special, or interestingstories can be about individuals, organizations, processes, programs, neighborhoods, institutions, and even events. Analyzing a case study and writing a case study analysis case study analysis is an integral part of a course in strategic management. Openepi sample size for unmatched casecontrol studies. This study empirically addresses these questions using an analysis of a crossindustry sample of 183 firms. Asce ch2m is a global engineering company recognized for its ability to tackle complex challenges. Advantages of case control studies case control studies are the most efficient design for rare diseases and require a much smaller study sample than cohort studies. Case control study a study that identifies individuals who develop the disease cases and individuals without the disease controls, and then determines the previous exposure for each case and control.
Overview of study designs metaanalysis of rct rct cohort study case control study. It costs relatively less and can be conducted in a shorter time for a given disease, a case control study can investigate multiple exposures when the real exposure is not known a case control study is. Case control studies a case control study involves two populations cases and controls and has three distinct features. Matching in case control studies matching addresses. Lets take our example of breast cancer and work to show how a case control study might provide some answers. A case study can focus on a business or entire industry, a specific project or program, or a person. To be able to estimate the population at risk for the example above would involve estimating the proportion of offspring born with gastroschisis in the population. Thus, case control studies also allow more intensive. This study contributes to research and practice by developing and validating a.
For example, many of the cases might report that they ate a fruit such as dates in the week before they became ill. A case study of the transportation business at ch2m. When case studies are not used, the portfolio or work page of the site typically includes images for a number of projects with links to larger versions of the image. A case control study is usually conducted before a cohort or an experimental study to identify the possible etiology of the disease. The study design was an observational one that incorporated the concept of the traditional case control study within an established cohort. Matching in case control studies matching addresses issues of confounding in the design stage of a study as opposed to the analysis. First, identify the cases a group known to have the outcome and the. Babies learning early signs cohort study and the charge childhood. Introduction of case control study aug, 5, 2014 hirohide yokokawa, m. An unmatched hospital based case control study was conducted from october 2002 to december 2016 in selangor, malaysia. The case study document may be as short as two pages or as long as thirty.
One of the most significant triumphs of the casecontrol study was the demonstration of the link between tobacco smoking and lung cancer, by richard doll and bradford hill. The worstcase risk of a portfolio stanford university. For example, suppose we were conducting a casecontrol study of poverty and death from any cause, and we chose siblings as controls that. Portfolio management should be a no brainer to sell to an organisation. The application will show three different sample size estimates according to three different statistical calculations. Study design thanks to all of the legwork, you now have enough information to generate a solid hypothesis or two. Responsibilities for the political control and implementation of german bilateral. Support material and further reading are also supplied.
After assessing investment efficiency, this paper will identify commercial real estate portfolio characteristics that are accretive or dilutive to efficiency. In theory, every case control study takes place within a cohort, although in practice it can be difficult to characterize the cohort or study base. Find out how cases are compared with controls in this type of study. Project portfolio management a case study at transportation industry final degree project 4g1187 30 ects the royal institute of technology kth kth school of technology and health supervisor, kth. Modeling errors arise, for example, because statistical procedures make the unrealistic. However, most of the students decide to download a case study template and try to complete the assignment on their own, using an example. This white paper will take you through a case study of how portfolio management was presented within one organisation. A patient survey is an example of a crosssectional study. A well written case study will follow a customer as they define a problem, determine a solution, implement it, and reap the benefits. A case study should include background information on the specific topic, an analysis of the case under student showing problems or effective strategies, as well as recommendations. I will describe the basic design of casecontrol studies and. A case control study is designed to help determine if an exposure is associated with an outcome i.
A few global digital platform companies dpcs control the entire tv. Analysis of casecontrol studies the odds ratio or is used in case control studies to estimate the strength of the association between exposure and outcome. The researchers begin by turning to the regional cancer treatment centre to find women within the town and the surrounding area who developed a new case of breast cancer during a sixyear period and are. Casecontrol studies are observational studies that have the greatest risk of bias. Business case control along the project portfolio management phases content. Critical appraisal of casecontrol studies of risk factors or etiology of hyperemesis gravidarum. Analysis of the trading book hypothetical portfolio exercise bis. Place dropbox or copy link to your pdf portfolio in your resume. Malonza, md, mph department of reproductive health and research. The case control study has important advantages, including cost and ease of deployment. A casecontrol study was conducted to investigate if exposure to zinc oxide is a more effective skin cancer prevention measure. For example, ahrq also supports studies on autism interventions, but did not.
This design overcomes some of the disadvantages associated with case control studies,2 while incorporating some of the advantages of cohort studies. It remains to this day a model for the design and conduct of case control studies, with excellent suggestions on how to reduce or eliminate selection, interview and recall bias. An example of a populationbased case control study is a joint swedishnorwegian study of the association between the use of ocs and breast cancer in young women 9. Jun 17, 20 download management case studies pdf files on various companies and management subjects. The following example demonstrates how to calculate a sample size for an unmatched case control study. The case study is often accompanied by a set of teaching notes, one to several pages long.
Casecontrol study to assess potential risk factors. Our project management case studies cover a wide variety of needs across a number of industries. For example, to add descriptive information about the file, rightclick on the. It uses a control or comparison group to support or refute an inference. For example, investigators conducted a casecontrol study to. One of the main motives to buy securities, in our case the stocks is yield. Timing retrospective for exposure, but case ascertainment. Case studies are narratives that feature real world situations or uses of products or services to demonstrate their value.
Ppt casecontrol studies powerpoint presentation free. Using sas to match cases for a case control study wenbin li may 10, 2012. Writing a case study 3 case study examples uniquenesspoint of interest. The very beginning of portfolio analysis was laid by markowitz. The case study page uses a sliding navigation element so readers can skip between sections. Design and data analysis casecontrolled study in clinical. Portfolio management for investment manager case study.
A case control study, like other medical research, can help scientists find new medications and treatments. Nike this case is a group project that is due on march 28 just before class begins at 10. The standard index of risk calculated from case control studies is the odds ratio or, whilst that from a cohort study is the relative risk rr. Using incidencedensity sampling in a case control study is becoming more common, and makes it possible to use rr as the index of association. The case study method, more than any other, requires judgement and intellectual rigour, analytical and decisionmaking skills. In theory, the case control study can be described simply. Sep 20, 2009 dedicated page generally, but not always, when case studies are used there will be a separate page on the portfolio site for each case study. You decide to design a case control study so that you may look at these exposure variables. Pdf previously in this series i have given an overview of the main types of study design and the techniques used to minimise biased results. Project portfolio management in theory and practice thirty case studies from around the world jamal moustafaev, mba, pmp click here to order project portfolio management in theory and practice.
Criteria green yellow red comments outcome definition of cases assessed by examiner using history, physical exam, and ancillary diagnostic tests when appropriate symptom patterns reported which are generally recognized as sensitive and specific for the condition symptoms not clearly. Portfolio management reporting for a global investment manager. Bjgp for rcgp members bjgp open rcgp elearning innovait journal jobs and careers rcgp eportfolio. Case comparison study case compeer study case history study case referent study retrospective study case control study definitions. Case control study examples can only be retrospective, as it is conducted on the basis of archival data. The effect of potential problems in obtaining comparable accuracy.
Each case study includes a detailed description of how a typical session would run, with specific details of the location and use of the relevant parliamentary resource. A case study is a special type of thought leadership content that tells a story. Each group will turn in one report sounds obvious, but might as well make it explicit. Several design options available in the planning stage of case control studies are examined. If you make your portfolio publicly available online, it makes sense to show very brief, highlevel project descriptions. Purpose the aim of this study was to identify environmental or genetic risk factors that are associated with invasive meningococcal disease imd in children in greece. A few examples of case study topics are provided belowthe case studies would describe what happened when, to whom, and with what consequences in each case.
The purpose of this study was to examine breast cancer risk factors and the change of selected risk factors across birth cohorts in malaysian women. Looman2, jan hendrik richardus2 and wuchun cao1 1 beijing institute of microbiology and epidemiology, state key laboratory of pathogen and biosecurity, p. Pdf portfolios a new feature of acrobat 9 are useful for case analysis. The idi and digitalcity case study provides valuable lessons in the sustainable development and growth of clusters which link public sector agencies, universities and businesses. Each report should have a cover page that contains the following the names of. Study designs case control cross sectional experimental studies randomized controlled trials. A free powerpoint ppt presentation displayed as a flash slide show on id. An influenza case will be defined as an ili case with a respiratory sample positive for influenza. However, in most outbreaks the population is not well defined, and cohort studies are not feasible. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. It is always retrospective because it starts with an. Design and setting matched casecontrol study of patients aged.110 1515 240 1610 200 689 1517 915 1413 1311 994 830 951 8 1303 1428 1213 74 577 668 1220 265 850 636 1270 1244 298 1410 1452 378 1325 88 538 1060 970 116 1157 833